04宋-斗茶

宋-斗茶Tea Games in the Song Dynasty

宋代,饮茶已成为开门七件事之一。宋徽宗于公元1107年著有《大观茶论》一书,全书共二十篇,对北宋时期蒸青团茶的产地、采制、烹试、品质、斗茶风尚等均有详细记述。其中“点茶”一篇,见解精辟,论述深刻.从一个侧面反映了北宋以来我国茶业的发达程度和制茶技术的发展状况,也为我们认识宋代茶道留下了珍贵的文献资料。

In the Song Dynasty, drinking tea has become one of the sevenessential things of daily life. In 1107, Emperor Huizong wrote the book Views on Tea. The book consists of 20 articles, covering the origin, picking, making, quality of steamed and extruded green tea, and the fashion of tea games in the North Song Dynasty. One of the insightful and profound articles, Ceremonies of Pouring Tea, reflects the prosperity of China's tea industry and the development of tea-making technology since the North Song Dynasty, and is also precious literature for us to know the tea ceremony at that time.

明 宣德无款 黄地堆花绿龙纹茶钟


明代,洪武二十四年(公元1391年),明太祖正式废除福建建安团茶进贡,禁造团茶,改茶制为芽茶,“罢造龙团,惟采芽茶以进”,就此改变了饮用末茶的习惯,也结束了自唐以来团茶居领先地位的历史。改进散茶,引起冲泡法的改变,茶壶开始广泛使用。 自明朝开始,青茶(乌龙茶)、花茶、黑茶、红茶等各类茶叶开始创制出现。
清代,茶馆达到鼎盛。

In the twenty-fourth year of the Hongwu reign in the Ming Dynasty (1391 AD), Emperor Ming Taizu officially abolished the tribute of steamed and extruded green tea from Jian'an, Fujian Province, replacing it with bud tea. It changed people’s habit of drinking tea cake and ended the leading position of tea cake since the Tang Dynasty. Bud tea also changed the tea making method and teapots began to be widely used.
Since the Ming Dynasty, various types of tea, such as oolong tea, flower tea, dark tea, and black tea were created. Until the Qing Dynasty, the development of teahouse reached its peak.

清末、民国,因战争等原因,社会动荡,民生凋敝,我国茶业处于艰难困顿状态。
1949年之后,我国茶业得以陆续恢复,目前已进入蓬勃发展阶段。正像一句名言所说:盛世兴茶!

From the late Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China, China's tea industry went through a difficult period due to political instability, wars and other reasons.
Since 1949, the tea industry began to recover gradually and until now it has entered the period of vigorous development, just like a famous saying goes: tea meets its prosperity in flourishing age!

04宋-斗茶